People seem to have an affection for fictional outlaws (and sometimes real ones) as long as they are portrayed in an acceptable manner. For example, when the outlaws are shown to be loving husbands and fathers, they become humanized and sympathetic. It also helps when they display loyalty and honor among themselves and also when their crimes are of a nature that doesn't seem too offensive. Frank and Jesse James were bank-robbers, and for many of us it doesn't seem nearly as bad when the crime is against a financial institution as oppose robbing the common folk. In many of the many films about the James Brothers, they are also shown with their families, so the movie-goer tends to identify more with the outlaws than with the lawmen pursuing them whose domestic life is never portrayed. Family life among criminals is central to many Mafia movies such The Godfather
, a movie which also softens somewhat their crime-life by displaying their refusal to deal in hard drugs.
All this brings me to The Sons of Anarchy,
a TV series about an outlaw motorcycle gang which ended recently after seven seasons. I watched most episodes for the first few seasons, but after that I missed many, including an entire season, I believe. However, like a soap-opera, it wasn't too difficult to get caught up once you were familiar with the main characters, and I shrugged off not knowing all the complexities of the many subplots. One early subplot involved a rivalry with a neo-Nazis gang, and I decided that another way to make a criminal gang sympathetic is to pit them against a more odious group like the Nazis. Like the James gang and Godfather's Mafia gang, the motorcycle gang's members, or at least their leaders, were shown to be loving fathers and husbands, and their main methods of money-making seemed to be illegally selling guns (that alone would make them heroes to many Americans) and adult pornography which isn't really a crime.
I don't have any direct experience in the outlaw life, but when I was young I had friends who made money in an illegal activity. I observed then that a big difference between a legal and an illegal business is that criminals could not go to the courts when cheated out of money in their dealings. The willingness and the ability to use violence then becomes an important method of keeping those dealings straight. (My friends were not violent people, and that hurt them in their business at times.) Violence and criminal activity are generally linked then, in my opinion, so fictional portrayals of a criminal gang like the Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Gang are likely to be violent, and the series certainly was.
Some TV critics have compared The Sons of Anarchy
. While no one seriously puts this TV show in the same literary league as Shakespeare, I do think the series aimed high in its themes, and Shakespeare as well as the classic Greek dramatists were often pretty violent as well. The storyline of The Sons of Anarchy
built up to a bloody crescendo, and in the series finale the main character faced directly what he was, a criminal and a killer like his father, and wanted to break the cycle of violence for his own sons. I found this last episode moving, and even days later it's still in my thoughts.